Multiculturalism/Diversity Curriculum Guidelines


The National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) has created the following Curriculum Guidelines for Multicultural Education which are summarized below:

  1. Ethnic and cultural diversity should permeate the total school environment.
  2. School policies and procedures should foster positive multicultural interactions and understandings among students, teachers, and the support staff.
  3. A school?s staff should reflect the ethnic and cultural diversity within the United States.
  4. Schools should have systematic, comprehensive mandatory, and continuing staff development programs.
  5. The curriculum should reflect the cultural learning styles and characteristics of the students within the school community.
  6. The multicultural curriculum should provide students with continuous opportunities to develop a better sense of self.
  7. The curriculum should help students understand the totality of the experiences of ethnic and cultural groups in the United States.
  8. The multicultural curriculum should help students understand that a conflict between ideals and realities always exists in human societies.
  9. The multicultural curriculum should explore and clarify ethnic and cultural alternatives and options in the United States.
  10. The multicultural curriculum should promote values, attitudes, and behaviors that support ethnic pluralism and cultural diversity as well as build and support the nation-state and the nation's shared national culture. E pluribus unum should be the goal of the schools and the nation.
  11. The multicultural curriculum should help students develop their decision-making abilities, social participation skills, and sense of political efficacy as necessary bases for effective citizenship in a pluralistic democratic nation.
  12. The multicultural curriculum should help students develop the skills necessary for effective interpersonal, interethnic, and intercultural group interactions.
  13. The multicultural curriculum should be comprehensive in scope and sequence, should present holistic views of ethnic and cultural groups, and should be an integral part of the total school curriculum.
  14. The multicultural curriculum should include the continuous study of the cultures, historical experiences, social realities, and existential conditions of ethnic and cultural groups, including a variety of racial compositions.
  15. Interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches should be used in designing and implementing the multicultural curriculum.
  16. The multicultural curriculum should use comparative approaches in the study of ethnic and cultural groups.
  17. The multicultural curriculum should help students to view and interpret events, situations, and conflict from diverse ethnic and cultural perspectives and points of view.
  18. The multicultural curriculum should conceptualize and describe the development of the United States as a multidirectional society.
  19. Schools should provide opportunities for students to participate in the aesthetic experiences of various ethnic and cultural groups.
  20. The multicultural curriculum should provide opportunities for students to study ethnic group languages as legitimate communication systems and help them develop full literacy in at least two languages.
  21. The multicultural curriculum should make maximum use of experiential learning, especially local community resources.
  22. The assessment procedures used with students should reflect their ethnic and cultural experiences.
  23. Schools should conduct ongoing, systematic evaluations of the goals, methods, and instructional materials used in teaching about ethnic and cultural diversity.

Click Here to download the Multicultural Program Evaluation Checklist PDF Document